Canadian corporate law
Canadian company law concerns the operation of corporations in Canada, which can be established under either federal or provincial authority.
Federal incorporation of for-profit corporations is governed by Corporations Canada under the Canada Business Corporations Act. All of the Canadian provinces and territories also have laws permitting (and governing) the incorporation of corporations within their area of jurisdiction. Often, the choice of whether to incorporate federally or provincially will be based on many business considerations, such as scope of business and the desire for application of particular rules which may be available under one corporate statute but not another.
Prior to Canadian Confederation, companies were organized through several procedures:
through contract as a partnership or unincorporated company
through royal charter, as was done for the Hudson's Bay Company
through an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as for the Canada Company